Jalwehra, commonly known as Jalerha, is a village in HoshiarpurPunjab. Its population in 2011 census was 616 of which 310 are males while 306 are females. Average Sex Ratio of Jalwehra village is 987 which is higher than Punjab state average of 895. Child Sex Ratio for the Jalwehra as per census is 1000, higher than Punjab average of 846. Jalwehra village has higher literacy rate compared to Punjab. In 2011, the literacy rate of Jalwehra village was 82.22% compared to 75.84% of Punjab. In Jalwehra Male literacy stands at 89.86% while female literacy rate was 74.47%.

It’s area of 1.35 square kilometres. The surrounding villages are Panchhat, Narur, Nasirabad (Shekhpur), Toderpur, Nanglan, Thindlan & Chair. It is situated on Phagwara-Panchhatis- Mahilpur road and is about  2 km toward the south from vill. Panchhat. The nearest railway station is Phagwara 23 km away. The post-office of Jalwehra is in Toderpur. Jalwehra was established in the census of 1800, by the heir of Doad clan
After the slaughter of Doads at Garh Shankar, five grandsons of the last Doad King survived. The youngest grandson of the last Doad King, who was also killed by Korewans, was married to a girl from Ajnoha. During the Garhshankar tragedy, the wife of the youngest prince was at her parent’s house in Ajnoha because she was expecting a baby. She gave birth to a son. In those days, it was not considered good to keep the son of a daughter in the village. Therefore, when the young prince became an adult in 1800, the villagers of Ajnoha built a house for him in the land of another village, Panchhat. In the course of time, his cousins, the sons of his two uncles, who were homeless until then, finally came to live with him. The son of his third uncle, whose name was Ghamandi, also came to live in with him. The brother of Ghamandi, named Jattu, went to live in Thakarwal. Traditionally in old days people of Village Jalwehra never drink the water of Garahshankar. They were of the view that they will drink water only after they get back their lost Kingdom. Whenever they had to visit Garh Shankar, they carry sufficient water along with food with them.

More about Doad clan

A Dodia/Dodiya/Doad/Dora/Dor clan, claiming descent from the Chandravanshi dynasty, is also found in and around the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab. The clan migrated from Udaipur around 1100 years ago to Garh Mandal and then onwards to Garhmukteshwar, present-day Hapur district in Uttar Pradesh, which along with the surrounding area they conquered. From there Deo Chand went on to Jaijon in Hoshiarpur district. [2] The town of Garhshankar was founded in 1000 AD by Shankar Sahai Doad.

Doads of Distt. Faridkot mixed with Jatts (Sikhs). As with a lot of Jatt clans, Jatt Doad’s share lineage to their respective Hindu Rajputs forefathers. Large settlements of Doads are found in District Hoshiarpur (Punjab), Nawanshahar (Punjab), Faridkot (Punjab) and District Una (Himachal). Smaller numbers of Doads are also found in Rajasthan and Pakistan. Some Doads who have emigrated to North America and Europe from village Jalwehra have changed their family name to Jalwehra or Dodd. In the earlier British accounts the Doad history was recorded under the “Dod Clan”. The history of the Doad clan is beautifully described in A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province compiled by H.A. Rose and based on the census report for the Punjab 1883, by Sir Denzil Ibbetson, and the census report for the Punjab 1892 by Sir Edward Maclagan, published by the Asian Educational Services (pp. 243–244).

Doad’s historically used to be among twelve Rajput tribes (out of the total of 36 Rajput tribes) which belong to the family of Krishna and call themselves “Chandarbansi”. In the 7th or 8th century AD, a Yadav tribe (which was also Chandarbansi) ruled over Orissa, a state in present-day India. According to the tradition, they succeeded in defeating an enemy who was one and a half times as numerous as themselves. That is why they began to be called “deoda” (or “Deorha” which means “one and a half”) Dodia, Dodiya, Dora, Doad. As time passed, the word “deoda” began to be pronounced as “Doad”. At the beginning of the 9th century, Raja Deochand Doad went to Udaipur, a city in the Rajasthan state, with tribesmen and his army. From Udaipur, he progressed towards Delhi by passing through Garh Mandala (a small city in the district Bhilwara in Rajasthan).

Another version tells that Doads ruled Orrisa and on his way from Orissa to Delhi, king had to fight many battles. He defeated all his enemies and finally managed to arrive in Delhi. At that time, Delhi was ruled by the Turks (or Turs) tribe. A battle took place between the Doads and Turks in the region of Delhi. The Turks were defeated in that battle. Thereafter, the Doads progressed towards Punjab. They conquered the town of Garh Muktsar and its surroundings in the present-day Ferozepur Bathinda district. Also established Doaba state named after Raja Dhiraj Deo Chand in its capital JAIJON which named after his son Jay Pal in the foothills of Shivalik belt.. A historian wrote the following lines in Pitchasi (the old Punjabi language), related to the above-mentioned military expedition of the Doads:

Orissa se charhiya Raja Deo Chand Baryahan Tika ae,
Tur Raja auliyan jo thake fauj rachae.
Tur chhadde nathke jo mil baithe hai,
Dod Garh Muktesar men jo mile chare thaon.

Raja Deo Chand gave that area to his brothers. Deo Chand left with his army toward Doaba and conquered it. After all these conquests, he finally established his empire in Doaba. He chose Jaijon as the capital of his empire. Raja Deo Chand’s descendant Raja Jai Chand gave his name to the town of Jaijon, which was still the capital of his empire.

According to District and Status Gazetteer, p. 423, the Doad Rajputs, in these days, founded the town of Mansowal (in east Garhshankar, at the centre of the plains of Shivalik mountains). They also constructed a fort in that town, because of which, the town sometimes is referred to as Garhi or Garrhi Mansowal.

Jai Chand had 4 sons. They were granted freedom from the Jaswals. From the four, one son took Jaijon, the second took Saroya, the third took the Kungrat area of Una district, and the fourth had Garhi Mansowal.

Plot against Doads (1775)

The Ghorewaha made a deadly plot against the Doads of Estate of Jaijon. They managed to buy Bharadwaj, the high priest of the Doad tribe and massacred the Doads in a well-planned scheme. When the Doads were busy in the prayer, four members of the Ghorewan tribe entered the temple, according to a well-defined plan, and attacked the disarmed Doads.

They brutally killed the Doads and filled the tank of the temple with their dead bodies. Thus, the Korewans (Ghorewahas) finally succeeded in conquering Garhshankar. This event took place around 1775. The Doads who managed to escape that slaughter migrated to other areas in Punjab (likeThakarwal, Dandiyan, Mansowal, etc.).

History of GARHSHANKER city of Punjab.

The town was founded by Doad king Shankar Sahai. Garhshankar was founded in 1000.AD by Shankar Sahai Doad, that time king. Garhshankar was converted as a Tehsil by British Govt (1849–1947). Doad is the surname that belongs to Rajput Caste. Majority of them live in Block number 22 of Garhshankar, especially in the upper villages of Garhshankar popularly known as BEET. In old times this area was under one Doad King who controlled all villages from Garhi Mansowal. In 1775, the Rana of The Ghorewahas conquered Garhshankar, killing the Doad King. Later during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, when he wanted to conquer the sub-mountainous region of Kandi, the Doads of Mansowal sent fifteen horse riders to help Maharaja Ranjit Singh in order to avenge their massacre by the Ghorewahas. In return, Maharaja granted the Doads the property of the lands of Mansowal. The British Empire also granted the property of eight villages to Doad Rajputs of Mansowal. This information is recorded on page 67 in Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1877–1884, by J. A. L. Montgomery, published 1885, Calcutta Central Press Co.

Raja Bhindi(Ghorewaha Rajput) descendant of Hawaha and Raja of Ghorewaha estate defeated Doad and his family, thus taking control over Garhshankar. Bhinsi’s grandson Rai Roopchand Singh (Ghorewaha) converted to Islam and changed the name to Rai Abid Khan. His tomb (mazzar) was constructed in 1937 by Sardar Bahadur S.M Niaz Ahmed Khan. Rai Roopchand had more 25 including Gharhshankar itself and became Tikka of Gharhshankar. After Partition the progeny is Rai Roopchand migrated to Pakistan and settled at different places including Lahore, Arifwala, Montgomery, Faisalabad etc. Up to partition Baats (coming from a place near Jaipur) visited the areas of Ghorewaha estate to keep a record of the new-born males of the Ghorewaha Rajputs. After partition, the District Government of Hoshiarpur appointed Mr. Suddam as the caretaker of the afore-mentioned mazaar and later his son, Ripu Suddam Sharma, became the caretaker of the mazaar.

History Of Village Jalwehra By S.Vasudev Singh Parihar  ( click on the pictures to read)


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